Basbousa is a dessert made from coarse sweet semolina, and translates as small kiss in Arabic.
Also known as Hareeseh, as well as Nammoura, it is a very easy dish to make.
It combines semolina, coconut, yogurt, sugar and simple syrup to create a truly delightful dessert.
What is Basbousa Cake?
Basbousa cake is a dessert from the Middle East that is made primarily from a semolina flour.
It is popular throughout the Middle Eastern countries, as well as North Africa, Iran, Greece and Turkey.
This is a very simple dish and a great recipe to make.
It combines some healthy ingredients that have come to be a very familiar flavor in the desserts of the Arab world.
Combining semolina flour, coconut flakes, and yogurt.
Then sweetened with simple syrup, and flavored with rose water.
This unique dish is a great one to share with your friends and family for something completely different.
As with most dessert recipes, the quality of the ingredients and how you use them makes all the difference.
Semolina makes up the bulk of this recipe (it is a semolina cake after all!).
I’ve tried using different kinds of semolina but undoubtedly the best to use is coarse semolina.
Otherwise it has a tendency to fall apart.
I have re-tried this recipe in so many ways to get the right balance of ingredients.
I used fine semolina (just the once).
It was a miserable defeat!
The whole cake just fell apart in seconds.
So make sure to use coarse semolina for a sturdy cake.
You’ll want to use desiccated coconut for this recipe.
It adds to the texture more so than coconut flour would.
I believe it also adds an intensity to the flavor.
The coconut taste really shines through.
It also helps bind the cake really well, giving you a lovely sponge.
I always prefer to use sheep yogurt, it is delicious and better for you.
I find that it has a more complex, mellow flavor to it.
The richness you find in sheep yogurt also adds less tartness to recipes.
More frequently these days you can find this type of yogurt in most major supermarkets.
However, if you can’t find it or don’t want to use it, you can always use cow’s yogurt instead (or goat).
Just make sure it is a plain and a non-flavored variety.
Orange Blossom Water
I prefer to use orange blossom water instead of rose water in this recipe, but you can use either.
The flavor you find with the orange blossom water is more delicate and a sweeter fragrance.
Whenever I smell it, it always transports me back to being a kid in Jericho, Palestine.
When the orange trees were in bloom, the air would be filled with this sweet scent.
Interestingly, it goes wonderfully in a hot steaming bath as well!
How to Make Basbousa
The main thing you need to get right for this recipe is the semolina.
You will need coarse ground semolina for this recipe in order to get the right texture, and consistency for the cake.
Fine semolina will have a tendency to crumble very easily.
So the fine variety is to be avoided.
Preheat the oven to 350°F/400°F.
In a large bowl, combine the: semolina, baking soda, baking powder, coconut, sugar and melted butter.
Make sure that all the ingredients are well mixed.
I suggest putting on a latex glove, and really getting stuck in there to combine the ingredients.
There’s nothing quite like cooking with your hands!
Next, add yogurt and mix in well, your batter will be somewhat dry.
Take a 8×8 baking dish and pour the batter in.
Make sure to press the cake batter down to a smooth flat surface.
Using a knife, score the top of the cake to create diamond shapes.
To finish it off, place an individual slivered almond on each ‘diamond’ shape that you create.
You can now place this in the oven to bake.
Once you’ve assembled your cake, place it in the middle shelf of your oven.
Cook in the oven for 20-30 minutes, or until golden brown.
If you don’t cook it enough, the cake will just fall apart.
If you overcook it, it can become hard and crumble as well.
Making the Sugar Syrup
To make the sugar syrup, dissolve the sugar in the water in a small saucepan.
Cook this over a high heat.
Once the sugar has completely dissolved into the water, add the lemon juice and orange blossom water.
Bring to a boil and then allow to cool completely to room temperature.
The syrup should resemble the consistency of maple syrup and should smell aromatic.
To finish the dessert, you need to pour the syrup over the cake so it absorbs the sweet goodness.
My tip here is to pour the sugar syrup over the Basbousa just as it comes out of the oven.
Pouring the syrup when the cake is hot makes sure it can absorb as much syrup as possible.
For the Cake
- 2 cups Semolina coarse
- 1 cup Coconut desiccated
- ½ cup Butter melted
- ⅓ cup Sugar
- 1 tsp Baking Powder
- 1 tsp Baking Soda
- 1 cup Plain Yogurt
- Slivered Almonds
For the Syrup
- 2 cups Sugar
- 1½ cups Water
- 1 tsp Lemon Juice
- 1 tbsp Rose Water/Orange Blossom Water
For the Cake
- Preheat oven to 400ºF (200ºC).
- In a bowl combine the semolina, baking soda, coconut, sugar, and melted butter.
- Incorporate ingredients well by mixing them together by hand.
- Add the yogurt and mix in well.
- Press the cake batter into an 8X8 baking dish, and smooth flat.
- Using a knife, score the top of the cake creating diamond shaped pieces.
- Push a piece of slivered almond into each diamond shaped piece of cake batter.
- Place in the oven on the middle rack for 30 minutes or until golden brown.
For the Syrup
- In a small saucepan over high heat dissolve sugar in water by stirring until water is clear.
- Add lemon juice, and rose water or orange blossom water.
- Bring to a boil and then remove from heat and allow to cool for about 20 minutes.
Bringing It Together
- Remove cake once done, and cut through scored lines making sure to carve all the way to the bottom of the tray.
- Pour syrup over the cake by evenly distributing the sugar water.
- Allow the cake to absorb all the syrup.
- Serve warm or at room temperature.